Motivating the Unmotivated Learners

Students are motivated through a combination of extrinsic factors (rewards and punishments) and intrinsic factors (the desire to complete a task for its own sake).

 

To help shift student's dependence on external reinforcement to an internal motivation to learn:

  • First, provide incentives for improved performance or mastery.
  • Second, combine all reinforcers with social praise, and gradually fade the distribution of the incentives.
  • Third, encourage students to reinforce theri own prograess with statements such as, "I did a great job!"

Highly engaged learners believe that outcomes are related to their own actions.

 

(Excerpts from Motivating Reluctant Learners from Educational Research Service at www.edweek.org)

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